LA cardioid deconstructed pt. 1There appears to be a lot of controversy regarding the workings of the L-Acoustics cardioid configuration. It's been suggested that it is achieved by means of all-pass filters. Is it a gradient or end-fire solution? In part 1 of this series of articles I will try to explain what I have come to think of as a hybrid approach.

FIRplayWondering about the advantages and disadvantages of FIR filters? This article will explain how to play with FIR filters and look at them with Smaart v7 within the confinements of your computer.

Bink Audio Test WarblesThe original Bink Audio Test warbles to align main speakers to subwoofers by ear when pressed for time or when an analyzer is unavailable are now available for download.

Courtesy of Michael Bink Knowles.

Venuefigure 1An article in response to a series of ProSoundWeb forum posts questioning the necessity of delay speakers.

The default argument in favor of delay speakers appears to be level restoration. The default objections are timing issues and sonic perspective distortion.

This article attempts to explore some serious but often overlooked advantages of delay speakers beyond plain level restoration.

Howard Page

"Usually, the artist has signed off
on how much kick drum is in the recording
by that artist"
- Howard Page -


Every now and then, the giants that helped build and shape our industry, stick there neck out and plea for common sense. Howard Page's article about exorbitant subwoofer levels doesn't nearly receive enough attention even though it's more applicable than ever.